Rather, it is entering a resting period. While orchids generally get a bad rap for being difficult to grow and propagate, they’re actually not that difficult at all. in professional writing. You will want to be sure that you stake the spike while the orchid has not yet begun to bloom. For weak spikes, place your plant in an east-facing window, with a curtain to diffuse the direct sunlight. Removing a dead orchid flower stem at its base. If you have a hard time telling if your orchid is producing a new spike or if it’s a root, click here. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If you suspect a virus, isolate your plant to keep the sickness from spreading. Keep the plant in indirect sunlight until the flower spike shows. Cutting back the fading stem allows the plant to redirect its energies into growing an new healthy stem, instead of on the upper portion that is dying. This also helps transfer the orchids energy to growing new leaves and new … I’ve never done this. Choose an orchid stem that is dying back and the flowers are fading. Normally, you’ll want to rotate houseplants every so often to encourage even growth and so that one side of the plant doesn’t lean excessively towards the window. Cut the stem directly above the healthy node or eye. The spike grows during the winter, with blooms appearing in late winter or early spring. If your phalaenopsis finished blooming, you can cut back the flower spike in an attempt to induce the development of a fresh stalk. Choose an orchid stem that is dying back and the flowers are fading. Make sure the temperature of the orchid is between 55 and 65 degrees. Speaking of trimming your spikes, keep in mind that your spikes will only be as clean as the tools you use to cut them. You may eventually notice new growth and that appears to be leaves forming—these tiny plantlets are called keikis. You should wait to stake a new growth until you see that it is in fact a flower spike and is as tall as the stake itself. Once the buds start to form on the spike, and after staking up the spike, leave the plant absolutely alone in that position. Quite often, Phalaenopsis orchids will send up new leaves and new roots shortly before producing a new flower stalk. You want the spike to grow long and sturdy enough to withstand a bit of handling, so be patient—the last thing you want to do is accidentally break the … (You can check out my post on orchid anatomy.) How can I get my orchid to Grow a flower spike and bloom again? So what’s an easy way to encourage your orchid to spike? To clean your tools, follow these steps: Once cooled, your tools are OK to use to trim spikes. A. Or if … She specializes in topics concerning health, crafts, family and lifestyles. As you insert the stake, twist it to work it around roots to minimize damage to them. For short spikes, less light is key, so move the orchid away from the window. How to Make an Orchid Grow Another Stem. If it has rotting roots it won’t bloom. If it is not growing large new leaves it won’t bloom. Once the spike is around 5" tall, brace it with a tie-up. Look for a healthy node or "eye" along the stem. Other tips: Don’t leave dead flower spikes on the orchid. A few cold nights are necessary to stimulate a flower spike. While they are easy to grow and care for, many people still wonder how to make an orchid bloom. A good rule of thumb is to stake an orchid spike is when it has grown to about 6 to 12 inches in length. There will come a day when your orchid’s blooms will wilt and fall. How to stake an orchid. Just because the top part of the stem is dying, does not mean the stem is not healthy. This indicates that the plant is still alive. My dad bought me a "Just Add Ice" orchid over a year and a half ago. It might make for an uglier orchid but I still don’t cut spikes. If you let them grow for too long without a trim, they can become a wild and out-of-control mess! With more than 24,000 species of orchid plus the numerous hybrids, there is an orchid to suit every growing environment. In a way, your orchid’s spikes are like your hair. How to Water Oncidiums. Place your orchid in a cooler part of your home for about a week, avoiding cold blasts of air from fans or air conditioners. Once your orchid shoot/spike has begun growing it will grow upwards for a couple of inches before it would naturally starts falling. The plant should eventually produce a new, strong flower spike. In fact, trimming back the flower stalk will help your orchid store up enough energy to grow a new flower stalk. Today we talk about Phalaenopsis Orchids, as their blooming season is just around the corner! More info below! I currently have 6 on my window sill with single young stems at various stages. In fact, one of the easiest ways to grow them is through orchid propagation from keikis. As Your Orchid Flower Spike Grows. Fertilize monthly. Make it a priority to keep a close eye on your spikes. Cut the stem all the way to the bottom if it dies after cutting above a node. Option 1 is to just leave the whole stem in tact! Sympodial orchids have multiple growths and usually grow one or more new growths per year. Blooming Orchids – How to Make Orchids Bloom. One very important thing to remember is that once your flower spike starts growing, you don’t want to rotate the pot at your window. For more details on orchid reblooming, download this helpful step-by-step guide. Alternatively, cut the spent flower spike down to the base. Over time, as the orchid grows in size and strength it will send out a bloom spike on each side of the stem simultaneously. Cutting the flower stalk all the way back to the base will not hurt your orchid. Remove as soon as blooms have finished. After your last blooms drop, if your spikes are brown, cut them off at the base. Yeah, having a bunch of branches may … Normally, you cut off the flower spike once the blossoms have dropped. Investigate the plant and if the spike and leaves still look healthy, it's possible to rebloom. For alternative methods for cleaning orchid tools, click here. Apart from looking for a round of applause from you guys for managing this, I would like to know how/why orchids grow more than one stem. Commercial growers can control every detail of their orchids’ environment—they’ve got it down to a science. Here are the steps for staking spray-type orchids: As soon as the flower spike is about 12 inches (30 cm) long, insert a vertical bamboo stake close to where the spike originates at the base of the plant. This does happen, but after you cut the stem all the way back the plant should produce another shoot from its base. 1. In our homes, however, we keep our temperatures much the same. An orchid that has lots of healthy leaves and roots will bloom quite easily. The plant is still feeding the stem, as you can tell by the healthy node. Fertilise with a balanced orchid fertiliser, according to the instructions on the label. Just because the top part of the ... Cut the stem directly above the healthy node or eye. The smaller the clump, the longer it takes to flower again. Because the spikes and blooms can be quite heavy, staking your flowers is beneficial in maintaining a vibrant orchid because it will help the flowers to grow into a beautiful presentation that you can be proud of. “Tidying up” your spikes will conserve your plant’s energy for upcoming growth. Once thought to be a finicky and tricky plant to grow at home, many people are discovering that some types of orchids are, in fact, very easy to grow and care for. Her fiction writing appears in "Bewildering Stories," "The Other Herald" and "Spectacular Speculations. Weak, short or thin spikes are signs of inadequate light, too much light or a mineral deficiency. A brown or yellow spike will not produce any new buds. In nature, orchids develop a bloom spike in the late fall when temperatures drop. The flower spike … This orchid and many others (including Vanda, Dendrobium and Catasetum) can be easily propagated by removing “keikis” (Hawaiian word for “baby”) at the right time. Once the orchid starts to go dormant, begin using a balanced fertilizer on it each month. She works as both a writer and author and enjoys writing articles on many different topics. After your last blooms drop, if your spikes are brown, cut them off at the base. Orchids are a spectacular variety of long-lasting fragrant flowering plants with glowing colors and unique forms. With the proper care, your orchid will likely bloom again. I (personally) would cut the bloom stem down to the base once the blooms all fall off because when it blooms again (sends up a new spike) it will be from an entirely different spot on the orchid. If your spikes are green, cut them one inch above a node. Be patient, as it can take several months to see this new growth. If no shoot appears and the original stem turns straw-coloured, remove it at the base. In order to keep blooming over the years, monopodial orchids such as Phalaenopsis need to put on new leaves each year. Since it is Phalaenopsis Orchids season, it's time to see some new flower spikes growing! Place your tools on a paper towel and let them cool. If you let them grow for too long without a trim, they can become a wild and out-of-control mess! When watering, water copiously, letting the water flow through the potting … I’m a lazy orchid grower. Keep a watchful eye on your spikes, and you’ll likely have more beautiful blooms in your future! Roots growing from an Oncidium Bollopetalum putting out loads of new roots Existing roots + new root on a Phal Phal root on left, growing from between leaves—spikes often also grow from there Phal root. Scrub with soap, and rinse again. When an orchid enters dormancy, the spike and leaves should still be green and well-hydrated. And for thin spikes, beef up your plant’s mineral levels with a phosphorous-rich fertilizer, and move it to closer to the light. Now, let’s move on to some photos of orchid spikes. I honestly had no idea how to take care of an orchid nor did I know they could be so finicky. After your Phalaenopsis orchid drops its last flower, you can start fertilizing once a … For many people, this means the plants will bloom in the fall when household temperatures can drop as much as 10 degrees overnight. Give it a little cool air! Keiki (pronounced Kay-Key) is simply a Hawaiian term for baby. Phalaenopsis spikes (as with most flowers) tend to draw toward the light; the buds will twist and turn back toward the light each time the plant is moved, thus spoiling the arrangement Step one in blooming orchids is to grow healthy plants. An optimal nighttime temperature is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Use clips or ties to gently secure the flower spike every few inches, avoiding the nodes on the spike. However, of all the orchid species only Phalaenopsis will grow shoots off the same stem when the stem is cut above a nod or eye. A crowded orchid can be divided in spring but don’t break the clump up into too many small sections. Be patient, as this process can take up to 6-12 months, but will be well worth … Look for a healthy node or "eye" along the stem. It is difficult to say what exactly is going on with your orchid, but it sounds as though your plants are growing keikis. It was beautiful. In a way, your orchid’s spikes are like your hair. How to stake an orchid – Once the new orchid spike gets more than a few inches long, insert a stake carefully into the potting medium next to the developing spike. Dry away all traces of moisture with a clean paper towel. I am starting to master the technique of getting orchids to re-flower. Give the phal between 12-15 C at night for the two week period. It is a phalaenopsis orchid and when I got it, it looked very healthy and had a lot of flowers. Those of us growing orchids in our home may not have the ability to control the elements so closely, but I have some tips that you can try to encourage your orchids to produce more than one spike … Make sure the spike and leaves are still green. but which is a flower spike and which is a root? Leave it As-Is. Let’s discuss how you should care for orchid spikes to encourage reblooming. Phalaenopsis orchids are triggered to bloom by temperature. Based in Indiana, Molly Allman holds a B.A. You can get a green stake, so it blends in better. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(52259, 'c43c408d-d6e6-4aee-8bad-97aef9ced515', {}); Rinse your tools under hot water. If your spikes are green, cut them one inch above a node. Healthy spikes are green, thick and firm to the touch. Check out the limited edition of merch! Phalaenopsis is one of the easiest orchids to grow in the home. After having put my orchids outside last summer, some of them finally started to grow a spike after a couple years of never re-spiking after I bought them. Try to provide a difference of about 10 C between day and night temperatures for two weeks. This cut … As roots grow, they are covered with a protective substance that gives … If you’re a new orchid owner, then you’ll be delighted to learn this doesn’t mean your orchid is dead. Light an alcohol lamp or gas stove, and run the blades of your tool in the direct flame for a few seconds. Here’s what to look for when identifying new orchid growths: Orchid roots have rounded green tips. Because of this, the orchid may forget when it’s time for blooming to start. This cut allows the nutrients being sent up through the stem to form a shoot from the node. As much as we’d like them to, orchid blooms can’t last forever. I was delighted to see spikes growing. After you’ve finished cutting your spikes, clean your tools once more before storing them. ", How to Make a T Cut on the Stem for a Budding Rose Plant, How to Tell If an Orchid Is Going to Bloom, How to Trim Knock Out Roses at a Slant Facing the Bush, How to Prune a Hibiscus Syriacus Aphrodite. Remember, your orchid is still living even after the blooms have fallen.