Like a window into their day-to-day life, Thuringia census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. She was raised at the court of her uncle, the thuringian king Irminfried. Nowadays it's the residence of the President of Thuringia. Nevertheless, they are more important than in the most other areas of Germany, especially within rural regions. 54% of Thuringia's territory is in agricultural use. Only the segment west of Erfurt of the Frankfurt-Dresden line will stay in use for ICE trains after 2017, but an increase of velocity to 200 km h is planned here (now: 160 km h). In his company, Eccard is said to have visited Paris, but in 1574, he was again at Mühlhausen, where he resided for four years. The Bundesautobahn 38 is another west-east connection in the north of Thuringia running from Göttingen via Heiligenstadt (Heilbad Heiligenstadt) and Nordhausen to Leipzig. of Hungary and his first wife Gertrude of Andechs-Meran. There he, together with Johann von Burgk, edited his first master, a collection of sacred songs, called, was turned down due to opposition of the states and concerns of the government. As Germany's most central Land, Thuringia is an important hub of transit traffic. A lot of famous people visited it over time and lots of historical events happened there. The remains "We will only send Ramelow to the election if we have a democratic majority for him," said … One of its most famous student was Martin Luther. Get around During the 1930s, the first two Autobahns were built across the Land: The Bundesautobahn 4 as an important east-west connection in central Germany and the main link between Berlin and south-west Germany and the Bundesautobahn 9 as the main north-south route in eastern Germany, connecting Berlin with Munich. It is well known how that story ended and we do not need to comment on that any further. Famous Names. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail (hiking), and the winter resort of Oberhof (Oberhof, Germany). With industrialisation the old iron, copper and silver mines declined, because the competition of imported metal was to strong. photo: Christoph Petras, 2011. The capital is Erfurt. pop: 665000 bremen, 1045555 saarland, The accession of several new countries, the crisis in southern Europe and the constant growth in Germany since 2005 led to the fact, that Thuringia is ranked within the EU average by now. Famous People From Thuringia - Biography, Life, Interesting Facts The most common trees are spruce, pine and beech. Otto Dix Haus Regular flights are carried out via the major airports around like Frankfurt Airport, Berlin Brandenburg Airport and Munich Airport. The unemployment rate reached its peak in 2005 with an amount of 20%. She received a proper education there, learned latin … -- and the fifth smallest by population !-- Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Encyclopaedias listing great German minds would be sadly depleted without all those who found Thuringia a good place to spend their lives or to live and work for a while. Infrastructure Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land. Furthermore, three new Autobahns were built during the 1990s and 2000s. Her childhood was spent in Romania and Bulgaria, where she attended a Russian school. 15763 schleswig-holstein, 16171 thüringeen, 18416 sachsen Thuringia is often referred to as the green heart of Germany, a title which the state owes in part to the famed Thuringian Forest, a destination popular with hikers and winter sports enthusiasts. This central German state is famed for its hiking trails and winter sports resorts. Thuringia is surrounded by the German states of Lower Saxony to the northwest, Saxony-Anhalt to the northeast, Saxony to the southeast, Bavaria to the south, and Hessen to the west. After two years at university, she broke off her linguistics studies; however, her application to the Hans Eisler Music Academy, trains mainly serve the Nuremberg area, but also travel to other parts of Bavaria as well as Baden-Württemberg, Thuringia and into the Czech Republic to Prague. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. Frankish Queen and Patron Saint of Poitiers, weavers and potters. Understand It is a place where a revolution of the arts heralded the dawning of a new era, and where the pioneering spirit and joy of experimentation that characterise Bauhaus and modernism are still tangible. Thuringia, historic region and Land (state) of east-central Germany. An older theory claims that they were successors of the Hermunduri, but later research rejected the idea. The Erfurt–Leipzig Halle high-speed railway will be used by both ICE lines and the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway will be used by the Berlin-Munich line. The Leipzig–Altenburg Airport next to Altenburg was in use between 2003 and 2011 for Ryanair flights. The oldest known reference to a Thuringian sausage is located in the Thuringian State Archive in Rudolstadt in a transcript of a bill from an Arnstadt convent from the year 1404. From the late 16th century it was generally divided into several branches, the most important of which were those of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt). The fertile basins such as the large Thuringian Basin or the smaller Goldene Aue, Orlasenke and Osterland are in intensive use for growing cereals, vegetables, fruits and energy crops. Things to do ranked using Tripadvisor data including reviews, ratings, photos, and popularity. We have suggestions. 24174 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 29479 brandenburg, The '''Free State of Thuringia''' ( ) is a federal state (States of Germany) of Germany, located in the central part of the country. 47624 niedersachsen, 70549 bayern, The Erfurt University had been founded in 1392, being the 3rd oldest university in Germany. Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Top Thuringia Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor. Thuringia often doesn’t make it on the list of places in Germany to visit, which is hard to believe considering how much the heart of Germany has to offer in terms of historical sites and natural landscapes. 19847 rheinland-pfalz, 20445 sachsen-anhalt, 21100 hessen, The GDP of Thuringia is below the national average, like in all the former East German Lands. Get in Find what to do today, this weekend or in November. Most agricultural enterprises are large cooperatives, founded as Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft during the GDR period and meat producers are part of multinational companies. Left and Greens in Thuringia, however, are urging the CDU not only to abstain from a new vote, but at least partially to vote for Ramelow in order to secure a majority without AfD. It is home to the Rennsteig , Germany's most famous hiking trail , and the winter resort of Oberhof . area: 408 bremen, 892 berlin, 2569 saarland Jena— town of the biggest university in Thuringia (and home to Goethe and Schiller, too) Other major cities in Thuringia are Weimar, Jena, Eisenach and Nordhausen. The wages in Thuringia are low, compared to rich bordering Lands like Hesse and Bavaria. Going way back the Wettin dynasty that is associated with Saxony split into two lines in 1485. the senior line was known as the Ernestine branch and ended up in Thuringia. Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" (''das grüne Herz Deutschlands'') from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. more, Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Science Museums, Specialty Museums, Observatories & Planetariums, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Art Museums. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. In 2017, a new high speed line will be opened in Thuringia, taking over the long-distance trains from the mid-19th century lines. The decrease is caused on the one hand by the emergence of new jobs and on the other hand by the strong shrinkage of population in working age, caused by various demographic effects. Johann Sebastian Bach spent the first part of his life (1685–1717) and important further stages of his career in Thuringia. You'll find small boutique hotels as well as well-known hotel brands with multiple rooms and high-end amenities. She was an actress, known for Das Halstuch (1962), Rosen im Herbst (1955) and The Mysterious Magician (1964). By Train We’ve gathered the 10 best things to do in Thuringia to get you started on your adventure. Therefore, many Thuringians are working in other German Lands and even in Austria and Switzerland as weekly commuters. On the first line is an hourly ICE (Intercity-Express) IC (Intercity (Deutsche Bahn)) service from Dresden to Frankfurt and on the second also an hourly ICE service from Berlin to Munich. Thuringia is known for its nickname, “the green heart of Germany,” because of the dense forest that envelops the land. Also known as Saint Elisabeth of Hungary. Looking to expand your search outside of Thuringia? Since that year, the economy has seen an upturn and the general economic situation has improved. Introduction. We have reviews of the best places to see in Thuringia. More frequent services are laid on especially at peak times. Its production is marketed as Saale-Unstrut wines. With a land area of 16,172 km² and 2.2 million inhabitants, Thuringia (Thüringen in German) is the smallest and second least populous state of former East Germany.Its capital is Erfurt. She died on … It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most well-known hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof making it a well-known winter sports destination. He transferred, Other destinations What is an Erfurt "Puffbohne" bean? Both worked also in the famous University of Jena nearby, which now hosts the most important centre of science in Thuringia. Both mined a significant amount of the world's potash production in the mid-20th century. The crossing of the Thuringian Forest within the A 71 has been one of Germany's most expensive Autobahn segments with various tunnels (including Germany's longest road tunnel, the Rennsteig Tunnel) and large bridges. 755264 hamburg. At Hermsdorf (Hermsdorf, Thuringia) junction it is connected with the A 9. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Most important industrial branches are engineering and metalworking, vehicle production and food industries. The cities were surrounded by large, regular villages, whose construction varied depending on the nature of their creation. * The Hainich Forest - Germany's thirteenth national park with its magnificent tree-top walk It's one of the very few fortifications survived until today in its original form. Furthermore, there are many milk and cheese producers, as well as laying hens. Things to Do in Thuringia, Germany: See Tripadvisor's 19,604 traveller reviews and photos of Thuringia tourist attractions. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof. Its capital is Erfurt . Thuringia is Germany's only land without connection to waterways, because, suhllokal art2440,704802 title Rollenspiele abseits des wirklichen Lebens work Freies Wort page 13 date 2007-09-08 author Heike Hüchtemann language German accessdate 2009-05-20, ''' is a municipality in the district Altenburger Land, in Thuringia, Germany. Other historians argue that the Thuringians were allies of the Huns, came to central Europe together with them, and lived before in what is Galicia today. Same as the most other regions in central and southern Germany Thuringia has a significant industrial sector until today, reaching back to the mid-19th-century industrialisation. The name Thuringia or Thüringen derives from the Germanic tribe Thuringii, who emerged during the Migration Period. File:Ban, ). The most important railways are the Thuringian Railway, connecting Halle (Halle (Saale)) and Leipzig via Weimar, Erfurt, Gotha and Eisenach with Frankfurt and Kassel and the Saal Railway from Halle Leipzig via Jena and Saalfeld to Nuremberg. ... From here, the famous reformer Martin Luther and the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe have shaped the world. Traditional private peasant agriculture is an exception, as is organic farming. As a "retired knight" (''miles emeritus'') he received from his patron, Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, a pension for his ''"high personal merits"'' (''alta suae vitae merita''). Area 6,244 square miles Many famous people from all branches of arts and culture have left their traces in the cultural state of Thuringia. The only one with public aviation is the Erfurt–Weimar Airport next to Erfurt. The A 4 from Frankfurt runs via Eisenach, Gotha, Erfurt, Weimar, Jena and Gera to Dresden across Thuringia and links the Land's most important cities. Biography Meat production and processing is also an important activity, with swine, cattle, chickens and turkeys in focus. Search US census records for Thuringia Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. Royalty. General economic parameters Marga Faulstich (1915 - 1998) #Glass Chemist Marga Faulstich was born on 16-06-1915 in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany. Thüringer Bachwochen Thuringian Bach Festival is celebrated at various places related to J. S. Bach and the Bach family. The ''Südharzrevier'' in the north reaches from Bischofferode in the west to Roßleben in the east with Sondershausen as centre and the ''Werrarevier'' is situated in the west on the Hessian-Thuringian border around Vacha (Vacha, Germany) and Bad Salzungen. Agriculture and forestry It is home to a group of four ancient cities and the Wartburg Castle – recognized as the most important castle in Germany; Rennsteig, the most popular hiking trail in the country; and Oberhof, a famous winter resort. Industry and mining The remaining young people there often have to commute to long distances, but many emigrate immediately after they finished school. The economic transition after the German reunification in 1990 led to the closure of the most large-scale factories and companies, so that small and medium-sized ones are dominating the economic structure. A place of remembrance and a memorial to the millions killed by multiple despotic regimes. She made her singing debut in 1971 in East Berlin with the band Die Cropies. Agriculture and forestry have declined in importance over the decades. It is also a famous location for nature and winter sports. Erfurt is also the largest city in Thuringia, with a history of more than 1200 years. * The Thuringian Forest - national park and winter sport centre Talk Other Universities of this federal state (States of Germany) are the Ilmenau University of Technology (Technische Universität Ilmenau), the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar). The transportation infrastructure was in very bad condition after the GDR period. All sorts of travellers visit Thuringia, and hotels are available to accommodate that wide variety. Several saints belonged to her family. Between 1950 and 2000, most of the secondary railways got abandoned, so that Thuringia's network today is only half as long as in 1940. If you plan to do a day trip the '''"Thüringen-Ticket"''' might just be what you are looking. There are some small airports in Thuringia. Between 1950 and 1990 uranium mining was also important to cover the Soviet Union's require for this metal. Saint Hedwig was her mothers sister and St. Isabel of Portugal was her great-niece. This branch’s dynastic lineage collapsed into a series of independent states which were properly known as the Ernestine duchies. The main camp includes memorials to groups and individuals killed by the SS. The high economic subsidies granted by the federal government and the EU after 1990 are in gradual cutbacks and will end around 2020. Since that time, it decreases down to 7% in 2013, which is only a little bit more than the national average. Almost all lines are run at fixed frequencies, mainly hourly. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail (hiking), and the winter resort of Oberhof (Oberhof, Germany). Traditional branches like production of glass, porcelain and toys collapsed during the economic crises between 1930 and 1990. Both highways were broaden from 4 to 6 lines (3 per direction) after 1990, including expensive shifts in the Eisenach and the Jena region. Germany was unified into the German Empire in 1871. The most important regional railways in Thuringia are the Neudietendorf–Ritschenhausen railway from Erfurt to Würzburg and Meiningen, the Weimar–Gera railway from Erfurt to Chemnitz, the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway from Erfurt to Magdeburg, the Gotha–Leinefelde railway from Erfurt to Göttingen, the Halle–Kassel railway from Halle via Nordhausen to Kassel and the Leipzig–Hof railway from Leipzig via Altenburg to Zwickau and Hof (Hof, Bavaria). Possibly he is identical with the ''Hendricus de Morungen'' who is documented in Thuringia. Mining was important in Thuringia since the later Middle Ages, specially within the Thuringian Forest and its mountain towns like Schmalkalden, Suhl and Ilmenau. The centre was Ronneburg (Ronneburg, Thuringia) next to Gera in eastern Thuringia and the operating company Wismut (Wismut (mining company)) was under direct Soviet rule. The state's most famous city is undeniably Weimar. There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Thuringia. Germany has won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's all-time total of 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. At the age of eighteen he went to Munich, where he became the pupil of Orlando Lasso. Thuringia’s Hauptstaatsarchiv holds all of the archival materials relevant to the early Bauhaus. The upgrading of Bundesstraßen is an emphasis within the Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2015 (federal street building programme 2015), with many projects along the Bundesstraße 247 from Gotha to Leinefelde to better Mühlhausen's connection, the Bundesstraße 19 from Eisenach to Meiningen for improving Bad Salzungen's and Schmalkalden's connection same as along Bundesstraße 88 and Bundesstraße 281 for strengthening the Saalfeld Rudolstadt region. Thuringia's only wine-growing district is situated around Bad Sulza north of Weimar and Jena along the Ilm (Ilm (Thuringia)) and Saale valley. To handle that, external migration to Thuringia is forced by the government since about 2010. Johann Sebastian Bach, the most famous of a large musical family, was born in Eisenach, Thuringia in 1685. Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusfirst mentioned the Thuringii around 400; during that period, the Thuringii wer… 1697800 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 1750194 hamburg, In fact, until 1933 there were only four changes of the German map: The 7 Thuringian states united in 1920, whereby Coburg (Saxe-Coburg) opted for Bavaria, Pyrmont, can be deduced from Heinrich's songs. 7996942 lower saxony, 10736000 baden-wurttemberg Daughter of King Andrew II. She was married to Jörg Zimmermann. The economic progress is quite different between the regions of Thuringia. Until 2004, Thuringia was one of the weakest regions within the European Union. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor: See 18,695 traveler reviews and photos of Thuringia tourist attractions. Forestry plays an important role in Thuringia, because 32% of the Thuringian territory is forested. 12482000 bayern, 18039847 nordrhein-westphalen. Nevertheless, the demographic transition in Thuringia leads to a lack of workers in some branches, which is a growing problem. Trout and carp are traditionally bred in aquaculture in many villages. After the reunification, the Südharzrevier was abandoned, whereas K+S took over the mines in the Werrarevier. The court of Thuringia was at this period famous for its magnificence. Originally the western part of the Landgraviate (Landgrave) of Thuringia, in the mid 13th century it was inherited by the younger son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and became a distinct political entity. In the early 19th century the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was elevated, established these cities as centers of new settlement areas. Important products are apples, strawberries, cherries and plums in the fruit sector, cabbage, potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes (grown in greehouses), onions, cucumbers and asparagus in the vegetable sector, as well as maize, rapeseed, wheat, barley and sugar beets in the crop sector. The Bundesautobahn 73 starts at the A 71 south of Erfurt in Suhl and runs southwards to Nuremberg. From cheap options to luxurious stays, you can … To mark the occasion of the Bauhaus anniversary, Thuringia invites visitors on a journey to the birthplace of this famous movement. Newly created settlements in land clearing areas in the southern and or forested parts of Silesia were built as ''Waldhufen villages'', in other regions either as ''Zeilen villages'', villages arranged, Economy Its capital, Erfurt, is home to Europe’s oldest passable bridge. 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