David"s cutting off of Saul"s hem24:1-7 Engedi lay near the Dead Sea"s western shore close to its mid-point north to south. ” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats3 He came to the sheep pens along the way; a cave was there, and Saul went in to relieve himself. 1. went . b. to insulate a leader from all evaluation or accountability. So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, “Is this your voice, my son David?” And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. “Saul, if I was really as wicked as your advisors say I am, if I really was out to kill you, I would have done that wicked act in the cave. David Saves the City of Keilah. David’s men (1 Samuel 24:4), much like Saul (1 Samuel 23:7), discern God’s will on the basis of favorable circumstances: God gives them the opportunity to kill Saul, and thus it must be God’s will for them to do so. 2. David only cut off the corner of Saul’s robe, yet his heart troubled him. was wrong.” Even in confrontation, David covers Saul’s sin. But David wouldn’t do that, and he, : These were the words of a humble, tender conscience before God. But he also knew it was disobedient of him to kill Saul, because God put Saul in a position of authority and it was God’s job to take care of Saul not David’s. But even when we have victory and they are sent away, they come back, and will keep coming back until we go to glory with the LORD. 2. Because no wickedness proceeded from me when I had the opportunity, it shows my heart is not wicked towards you.”, Therefore let the LORD be judge… and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand. John Trapp Complete Commentary. It was inevitable that Saul would be judged, and that he would lose the throne. Many times, a person repents and claims to recognize their sinful ways just like Saul did. "Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi" (1 Samuel 24:1). Many would only be troubled that they did not take the opportunity to kill Saul. of And David said to Saul: “Why do you listen to the words of men who say, ‘Indeed David seeks your harm’? “Jonathan” was the eldest son of Saul, the first king of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin. Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.”. When David’s servants saw his godliness and how he wanted to please God in everything, their hearts were restrained from doing any evil against Saul. But David wouldn’t do that, and he restrained his servants. (1-2) Saul seeks David in the Wilderness of En Gedi. David will fulfill Proverbs 10:12: I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD’s anointed. (3) Saul unkowingly comes to a cave where David and his men are hiding. Keith Simons. “We wait on the Lord by prayer and supplication, looking for the indication of his will; we wait for the Lord by patience and submission, looking for the interposition of his hand.” (Meyer) David was determined that when he sat on the throne of Israel it wouldn’t be because he got Saul out of the way but because God got Saul out of the way. The wilderness of En-gedi. His soldiers and bodyguards were out of the cave waiting for him. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. : What are the chances? Emotion that does not lead to action only leads deeper into sin and rebellion.” (Redpath), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. It is a measure of the persistent hatred of Saul that, as soon as he had chased the Philistines out of the country, he resumed his efforts to hunt down David and kill him. (1 Samuel 24:1). iv. One can still see the good-sized creek flowing down the canyon, making En Gedi, with its waterfalls and vegetation seem more like a tropical paradise than the middle of the desert. But my eye spared you, and I said, ‘I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD’s anointed.’ Moreover, my father, see! God will fulfill His promises, but He will do it. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. 1 Samuel 24 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references Includes cross references, discussion questions, teaching points, outline, and applications on 1 Samuel 23-24. There was a cave, and Saul went in to relieve himself (1 Samuel 24:3), literally, . : David’s men were excited at the opportunity and believed it was a gift from God. i. The robe was a picture of Saul’s royal authority, and through this God said, “I am cutting away your royal authority.”. And he said to his men, “The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he, the anointed of the LORD.” So David restrained his servants with, words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. 1 Samuel 24 King James Version (KJV). After whom has the king of Israel come out? 24:1-7 God delivered Saul into David's hand. Even today it is a refreshing oasis with waterfalls, pools, tropical plants, and wild goats. He seems to have been naturally susceptible of strong, and, as in this instance, of good and grateful impressions. 2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats. 1 Samuel 24:3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where [was] a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. Click on the different category headings to find out more. b. David was in the wilderness of Engedi in a cave, and Saul’s men were with him on the opposite side. Saul knew that one day, David and his descendants would rule over Israel, and he wants David to promise that David and his descendants will not kill or mistreat the descendants of Saul. 1 Samuel 12:24 (NASB) This language--"a dead dog," "a flea," terms by which, like Eastern people, he strongly expressed a sense of his lowliness and the entire committal of his cause to Him who alone is the judge of human actions, and to whom vengeance belongs, his steady repulse of the vindictive counsels of his followers; the relentings of heart which he felt even for the apparent indignity he had done to the person of the Lord's anointed; and the respectful homage he paid the jealous tyrant who had set a price on his head--evince the magnanimity of a great and good man, and strikingly illustrate the spirit and energy of his prayer "when he was in the cave" ( Psalms 142:1 , title). We might think that David had the right to come to Saul as an, . David heaped coals of kindness upon Saul’s head and it melted Saul’s heart. 1 Samuel 24:4 Or “Today the Lord is saying; 1 Samuel 25:1 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts Maon; 1 Samuel 25:18 That is, probably about 60 pounds or about 27 kilograms; Look, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and, spared you, and I said, ‘I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he, the LORD’s anointed.’ Moreover, my father, see! A dead dog? As the proverb of the ancients says, ‘Wickedness proceeds from the wicked.’ But my hand shall not be against you. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. .” They believed that this was the fulfillment of the promise and that David needed to seize the promise by faith and by the sword. Because the robe was a symbol of Saul’s royal authority, and David felt bad – rightly so, according to the heart of God – that he had done, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed… seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. 3. made all the difference in softening Saul’s heart. David knew very well that Saul’s fear of David came from Saul himself and not from anyone else. 1 Kings (1 Samuel) Chapter 24. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. It is a measure of the persistent hatred of Saul that, as soon as he had chased the Philistines out of the country, he resumed his efforts to hunt down David and kill him. Saul could have killed him very easily at that moment, but David trusted that if he did what was right before God then God would protect him and fulfill the promise. This was no coincidence but arranged by God to test David, to train David, and display David’s godly heart. They thought this was an opportunity from God to kill Saul. David was in the wilderness of Engedi in a cave, and Saul’s men were with him on the opposite side. i. David expresses this when he said, “The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed… seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.” David knew better than anyone that Saul was a troubled and corrupt leader, yet it was in God’s power to take him away and David wouldn’t do what was only the LORD’s to do. . Even as Saul made David’s life completely miserable, David kept taking it to the LORD, and he received the cleansing from the hurt and the bitterness and the anger that the LORD can give. (1Sa 24:1-2) Saul seeks David in the Wilderness of En Gedi. 1 Kings (1 Samuel) sa1 24:0. Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." But the validity of repentance and a changed heart isn’t demonstrated by the emotion or sincerity of a moment. Engedi is an oasis some 600 feet in elevation above the western shore of the Dead Sea, where today there is … Denomination: Charismatic These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. DAVID IN A CAVE AT ENGEDI CUTS OFF SAUL'S SKIRT, BUT SPARES HIS LIFE. The Living Bible gives a good sense of 1 Samuel 24:12: Perhaps the Lord will kill you for what you are trying to do to me, but I will never harm you. He had a promise of the kingdom, but no command to slay the king. “It was a trifling matter, and yet it seemed dishonouring to God’s anointed king; and as such it hurt David to have done it. But when Saul was done with the Philistines, he went back to pursuing David. So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. God’s judgment is God’s business. Is this your voice, my son David: Saul responded so emotionally because Saul lived on the delusion that David was out to get him, and David’s refusal to kill Saul when he had the chance proved beyond doubt that this was false. 1 Samuel 24: 1-22 1 Samuel 24: 1-22 [1] And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. In that day, when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. They knew it was no coincidence that Saul came alone into that cave at that moment. Some might have said, “David, lay it on the line! A dead dog? Jesus established the same principle in Matthew 18:7 when He said, offenses must come, but woe to that man by whom the offense comes. Saul Loses His Grip (1 Samuel 22:5-23:14) 20. But even as he does he will show mercy and kindness to Saul. Saul may have laid his robe down in one part of the cave, and attended to his needs in another part, so David did not have to get right next to Saul to cut off a corner of his robe. David decided to spare Saul because he knew that God’s promise said, “You will inherit the throne of Israel.” He knew that Saul was in the way of that promise. ii. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. In that day, when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. [Read 1 Samuel 24:1–22] We clearly see a collision in world views between these two men. You can check these in your browser security settings. 1 samuel 24 commentary 1. He is above your criticism or rebuke, so just keep quiet.” Sometimes it is used even to prevent a Biblical evaluation of teaching. The large force he took with him seemed to give him every prospect of success. And you have shown this day how you have dealt well with me; for when the LORD delivered me into your hand, you did not kill me. ◄ 1 Samuel 24:4 ► And the men of David said to him, Behold the day of which the LORD said to you, Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it shall seem good to you. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. In fact, David protected Saul by restraining his men. Saul displayed his own fear, paranoia, and jealousy toward David. Keith Simons. 1 Samuel 24:1 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for ...read more Scripture: 1 Samuel 24:1-7. Whom do you pursue? 1 samuel 24 commentary 1. a. I know indeed that you shall surely be king: Saul knew it all along (1 Samuel 23:17) but now he really knows it. 1 Samuel 24:1 In Hebrew texts 24:1-22 is numbered 24:2-23. : David didn’t need to do anything more to defend himself before Saul; he referred the matter to the LORD. 2. David also arose . Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.”, : Saul responded so emotionally because Saul lived on the delusion that David was out to get him, and David’s refusal to kill Saul when he had the chance proved beyond doubt that this was false. Sin is a thing which it becomes us to startle at, and to resist temptations thereto. That is the only permanent victory we will find. 24 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there, a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. To ease nature. 1 Samuel 24 King James Version (KJV). 2. i. Many men in the same situation, would say, “Well, I won’t kill Saul now, but if one of my servants does, what can I do?” and therefore leave the door wide open for Saul to be killed. Sometimes when we have a promise from God we think we are justified in sinning to pursue that promise. The fact that Saul went in to attend to his needs also meant that he went into the cave alone. A Man Without a Country (1 Samuel 21:1-22:4) 19. What is the use of saying, ‘I have played the fool,’ if he goes on playing the fool? Proud member Why do you listen to the words of men: David showed great kindness and tact to Saul. c. And Saul went home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold: David didn’t go back home with Saul and be restored to his home and his place at the palace because David knew that as much as Saul meant it at the moment, the struggle would be to remain in the place of victory. When David stooped with his face to the earth and bowed twice he also showed great trust in God, because he made himself completely vulnerable to Saul. Now it happened, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, “Take note! In his distress, Saul tried to keep Samuel from leaving, and grabbed his robe, and a portion of the prophet’s robe tore away. The wilderness of En-gedi. David Spares Saul’s Life. 3. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way. A flea? When Saul had returned from following the Philistines: In the previous chapter, God miraculously delivered David by drawing Saul away to fight the Philistines at the moment Saul was ready to capture David. iv. 1 Samuel 25:2-13 Yesterday's Victory Insufficient; 1 Samuel 26:5-14, 17-21 Sin Must Be Judged; 1 Samuel 27 Acting in Panic; 1 Samuel 28:1-19 The Dilemma of the Disobedient; 1 Samuel 29 A Believer Out of Place; 1 Samuel 30:1-8, 18-26 Seeking God's Will The sheepfolds: This indicates that this was a large cave, big enough to shelter a flock of sheep. Yes, see the corner of your robe in my hand! And he said to his men, “The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.” So David restrained his servants with these words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. 1 Samuel 24 Matthew Henry's Commentary. A Friend Indeed (1 Samuel 23:15-29) 21. In the middle of barren desert, scouts could easily detect approaching troops. But God overruled it for ensuring the present escape of David. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. 3:24. He wanted God’s fingerprints on that work, not his own, and he wanted the clean conscience that comes from knowing it was God’s work. Then he said to David: “You, more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil. Ought not our heart to smite us for such thoughtless conduct? Instead, we need to be like Abraham, who obeyed God even when it seemed to be at the expense of God’s promise, willing to sacrifice the son of promise (Genesis 22). Now, when David confronts Saul with the torn robe, Saul. Text -- 1 Samuel 24:1 (NET) Strongs On/Off. But when David recognized that Saul was, and refused to harm him, what David would not do is, Saul. Even more, we need to be like Jesus, who didn’t take Satan’s offer to “win back the world” at the expense of obedience (Luke 4:5-8). His soldiers and bodyguards were out of the cave waiting for him. i. All rights reserved. But even as he does he will show mercy and kindness to Saul. The same narrow natural vaulting at the entrance; the same huge natural chamber in the rock, probably the place where Saul lay down to rest in the heat of the day; the same side vaults, too, where David and his men were concealed. With these words: These were the words of a humble, tender conscience before God. Look, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and someone urged me to kill you. In this chapter David had a fair opportunity to destroy Saul, and, to his honour, he did not make use of it; and his sparing Saul’s life was as great an instance of God’s grace in him as the preserving of his own life was of God’s providence over him. DAVID IN A CAVE AT ENGEDI CUTS OFF SAUL'S SKIRT, BUT SPARES HIS LIFE. David's Divine Deliverance (1 Samuel 18:30-19:24) 17. in the Wilderness of En Gedi.” Then Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the Rocks of the Wild Goats. This was a great place for David and his men to hide out. David would let God plead his case and be his judge. b. I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD’s anointed: This principle of not striking out against God’s anointed leaders is good and important but sometimes has been misused. a. ii. And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … Ver. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. But it is entirely wrong for people to use the idea of touch not the Lord’s anointed to insulate a leader from all evaluation or accountability. 1 Samuel 24:17 - He said to David, 'You are more righteous than I; for you have dealt well with me, while I have dealt wickedly with you. Striking at God – 1 Samuel 22:6-23 (Saul kills the priests of Nob) Find Strength in God – 1 Samuel 23:1-29 (Keilah, Ziph and Maon) Returning Good for Evil – 1 Samuel 24:1-22 (David spares Saul) The Wise, the Rash and the Fool – 1 Samuel 25:1-44 (Abigail, David and Nabal) Leave It Up to God – 1 Samuel 26:1-25 (David spares Saul again) . David decided to spare Saul because he knew that God’s promise said, “You will inherit the throne of Israel.” He knew that Saul was in the way of that promise. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). He owned the justice of what David said, acknowledged his own guilt, and begged kindness to his house. Some might have said, “David, lay it on the line! Behold the day of which the Lord said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand--God had never made any promise of delivering Saul into David's hand; but, from the general and repeated promises of the kingdom to him, they concluded that the king's death was to be effected by taking advantage of some such opportunity as the present. You can also change some of your preferences. : This indicates that this was a large cave, big enough to shelter a flock of sheep.
2020 1 samuel 24 commentary